OutbreaksThe NICD functions as an expert advisory body to provide specialist advice in outbreak situations as well as offering laboratory support when required.  It would also liase with provincial and local health authorities in the management and follow-up of outbreaks.  It will also offer its expertise when required to co-ordinate the management of interventions and monitoring the effectiveness of interventions


 Rabies is a preventable viral disease. The rabies virus infects the central nervous system and causes disease in the brain. There is no effective treatment and once symptoms start, death is inevitable. The rabies virus is transmitted from infected animals to humans through scratches, bites, or licks on mucous membranes of the lips or eyes.


Rift Valley Fever

Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a viral zoonosis that can cause severe disease in a low proportion of infected humans. The virus
is from the family Bunyaviridae (genus Phlebovirus) and causes outbreaks of abortions and deaths of young livestock
(predominantly sheep, goats and cattle).



Measles is a highly contagious disease that is usually seen in children, but can affect
adolescents and adults as well. It is caused by a rubeola virus which belongs to the genus
Morbillivirus of the family Paramyxoviridae.